The Government and Tuhoe have signed a deed of settlement that will give the North Island iwi $170 million and more control over Urewera National Park.
Treaty Negotiations Minister Chris Finlayson says the settlement recognises serious Treaty of Waitangi breaches.
"Large scale confiscation of the best agricultural land, brutal military campaigns targeting Tuhoe settlements and later unjust land purchases are all crown behaviour that has made a harmonious relationship with Tuhoe impossible," he said on Friday at the signing ceremony in parliament.
"Tuhoe's history shows clearly why it is so important to settle genuine treaty grievances."
The settlement, which must now be ratified by all Tuhoe members, includes:
- acknowledgements of breaches of the treaty;
- an apology for those breaches;
- an agreed historical account of the relationship between the Crown and Tuhoe;
- a $170m commercial redress package;
- a new management board for the national park with equal numbers of government and Tuhoe appointees.