More than 170 years after the Treaty of Waitangi was signed, the Waitangi Tribunal says Maori feel their culture if marginalised, while non-Maori fear that Maori will acquire undeserved privileges at their expense.
The tribunal says the treaty envisages the Crown-Maori relationship as a partnership in which the Crown's entitled to govern but Maori keep Tino Rangatiratanga, or full authority over their taonga – their treasures.
But neither side can agree exactly on what the treaty means, or how far it should reach.
So, a constitutional review panel is looking at whether the treaty should become the foundation for a new constitutional framework.
Danielle Ross looks at the crux of the treaty debate – the difference between Maori and non-Maori when it comes to interpreting the treaty.
Then, in the studio to discuss the status of the treaty, is Mana Party leader Hone Harawira, Maori Party MP Rahui Katene and Green Party co-leader Metiria Turei.
Watch the full video